At the Foot and Ankle Clinic of Australia, we’re dedicated to helping you maintain healthy feet. In this week’s foot health tips, we’re focusing on the importance of foot arches. By incorporating this knowledge  into your daily routine, you can improve flexibility and range of motion, which can help prevent injuries and keep your feet in top condition.

Here are some guidelines to keep in mind when getting an understanding of your foot structure

1. Identifying Your Arch Type: The first step in understanding your arch is identifying its type. There are three primary types of foot arches: normal, flat (low), and high. You can determine your arch type at home by doing the wet foot test. Wet your foot, step onto a piece of cardboard, and observe the print. If half your arch is visible, you likely have a normal arch. If there’s almost no curve inward, you have flat feet, and if only a thin line along the outer edge of your foot is visible, you have high arches.

2. Impact of Arch Type on Foot Mechanics: Different arch types can impact how your foot moves when you walk or run (known as your gait). People with flat feet often overpronate (roll inwards), while those with high arches may underpronate (roll outwards). Both of these conditions can lead to different forms of foot and leg discomfort or injuries.

3. Footwear for Your Arch Type: Choosing the right footwear for your arch type is essential for maintaining foot health. For flat arches, shoes with motion control or high stability are usually best, as they help correct overpronation. For high arches, cushioned shoes with a soft midsole can help absorb shock and mitigate underpronation.

4. Orthotics for Arch Support: If you’re experiencing discomfort due to your arch type, custom orthotics could be a solution. These shoe inserts are tailored to your feet and provide arch support exactly where you need it, helping to correct foot mechanics and alleviate pain.

5. Exercises to Strengthen the Arch: Specific foot exercises can help to strengthen your arch and improve foot health. For example, toe curls, heel raises, and towel pickups can help build strength in the muscles that support your arches, providing better support for your whole body.

Remember that understanding your body  is just one aspect of maintaining healthy feet. Regular foot care, including washing and moisturizing your feet, trimming your toenails, and inspecting your feet for any abnormalities, is also crucial for foot health.

Thanks for reading our foot health newsletter! We hope you found these tips helpful and learned something new about how to keep your feet healthy. If you have any questions or concerns about your foot health, we’re always here to help at the Foot and Ankle Clinic of Australia. Stay safe, stay healthy, and we’ll see you again next week with more helpful tips and information.